Viking Great Halls: Doorways to Viking Beliefs

viking great halls

In Norse mythology, the cosmic universe is fascinatingly complex, with Nine Worlds interconnected by Yggdrasil, the cosmic tree. This vast universe comprises various natural elements, mystical creatures, gods, and goddesses, all co-existing in an intricate network. An integral part of this network is the various halls, each serving as the residence for different gods and goddesses.

The Importance of Halls in Norse Mythology

The halls in Norse mythology aren’t just ordinary structures; they’re divine residences that embody the very essence and authority of the deity they belong to. They serve as an extension of the god’s identity, reflecting their character, power, and dominion. From Valhalla, Odin’s hall for honored warriors, to Eljudnir, Hel’s hall for those who died non-heroic deaths, each hall tells a unique story about its resident deity and their role within the Norse pantheon. These divine halls also hosted important events, such as feasts and councils, where gods deliberated on significant matters.

Relationship between the Halls and Norse Cosmology

In Norse cosmology, these halls play a pivotal role in shaping the understanding of the afterlife and the cosmos at large. Each hall is located within a specific realm in the Norse universe and serves a distinct purpose that contributes to the broader cosmological narrative. For instance, Valhalla is found in Asgard, the realm of the Aesir gods, and is intricately tied to notions of valor, bravery, and the warrior afterlife.

These halls are deeply intertwined with the worldview of the Norse people, giving structure to their beliefs about life, death, honor, disgrace, and the very nature of existence itself. By understanding the halls and their significance, we can gain a deeper insight into the complex and rich tapestry that forms Norse cosmology.


Valhalla: Odin’s Hall of the Slain

Valhalla is one of the most iconic halls in Norse mythology, resonating with the ethos of bravery, honor, and glorious death in battle that characterizes Norse warrior culture.

Explanation of Valhalla’s Significance

Belonging to Odin, the Allfather and the chief deity of the Norse pantheon, Valhalla is the hall where warriors who died honorably in battle are taken by the Valkyries, Odin’s shield-maidens. In Old Norse, Valhalla means “Hall of the Slain,” underlining its key role in the Norse concept of the afterlife.

The hall’s description is as grand as the deity it houses. It is said to have golden shields as its roofing tiles and spears as its rafters, symbolizing the essence of warriorhood. Within its walls, the warriors, known as the Einherjar, would fight and train during the day, preparing for the prophesied events of Ragnarök, the end of the world.

The Role of Valhalla in Norse Warrior Culture

In Norse warrior culture, the concept of Valhalla played a significant role in shaping the ideals of courage, bravery, and honor. The promise of an afterlife in Odin’s glorious hall for those who died heroically in battle was a powerful motivator, encouraging warriors to face combat fearlessly, even embracing death as a pathway to eternal glory.

This belief is a testament to the warrior ethos deeply ingrained in Norse society. For them, a heroic death in battle wasn’t a tragic end, but rather a triumphant entry into an eternal afterlife of glory, feasting, and perpetual battle within the grandeur of Valhalla. Thus, Valhalla was not just a hall in Norse cosmology, but also a powerful cultural symbol that shaped and inspired the way of life and belief systems of the Norse people.

Fólkvangr: Freyja’s Divine Domain

Fólkvangr, which translates to “field of the host” or “people’s field,” is another key realm in Norse cosmology. It is the domain of Freyja, the goddess of love, beauty, fertility, and war.

Significance of Fólkvangr in Norse Beliefs

Just like Valhalla, Fólkvangr is an afterlife destination for warriors who die in battle. However, instead of all fallen warriors going to Valhalla, Norse belief holds that Freyja receives the first choice of the slain, taking half of them to her hall, Sessrúmnir, located in Fólkvangr. This indicates a high level of esteem for Freyja within the Norse pantheon, on par with Odin himself.

The existence of an alternate afterlife for heroic warriors reflects the complex nature of Norse cosmology and its beliefs about death. It adds layers of depth and diversity to the concept of an honorable warrior’s death and the afterlife, providing a nuanced and rich understanding of their cultural and spiritual beliefs.

Understanding the Connection between Freyja and Fólkvangr

Freyja, often associated with love, beauty, and fertility, may seem a surprising figure to preside over a warrior’s afterlife. However, this highlights the multifaceted nature of Norse deities and breaks the traditional mold of associating love and war with different deities.

Her domain, Fólkvangr, encapsulates this multifaceted nature. Freyja’s association with this field of the slain underscores the unique way in which the Norse interweaved themes of love and beauty with those of death and valor. This synergy between what might seem like contrasting themes emphasizes the complex nature of Norse mythology and its deities. It reveals the intrinsic connection between life and death, love and strife, in the Norse understanding of the cosmos.

Bilskirnir: Thor’s Majestic Hall

Bilskirnir is the grand hall of Thor, the god of thunder and one of the most revered figures in Norse mythology. It stands in the realm of Thrudheim, also known as “the Place of Might.”

The Meaning and Significance of Bilskirnir

In Old Norse, Bilskirnir means “Bright Crack,” and it’s as magnificent as one might expect the dwelling of the god of thunder to be. According to the ancient poetic sources, Bilskirnir is the largest of all buildings, boasting an impressive 540 rooms. It is here that Thor resides with his wife, Sif, and their children.

Bilskirnir is emblematic of Thor’s stature and power within the Norse pantheon. Its immense size serves as a metaphor for Thor’s strength and the expansive nature of his influence. The hall is not just a physical structure but a personification of Thor’s attributes—his might, his protective nature, and his standing as a champion of the Aesir gods and humans alike.

Thor’s Connection to Bilskirnir

Thor is one of the most well-known figures in Norse mythology, venerated as a deity of strength, thunder, and protective power. His connection to Bilskirnir is a direct reflection of these attributes. This great hall, in its overwhelming size and strength, is a tangible symbol of Thor’s might and the respect he commanded among the gods and humans.

Furthermore, Bilskirnir also represents Thor’s protective qualities. It is a secure haven, much like how Thor himself is a protector of both the divine and human realms against the forces of chaos. In a broader sense, Bilskirnir, as Thor’s home, underlines the Norse gods’ strong connections to their residences, places that not only provide shelter but also embody their powers, duties, and roles within the cosmological scheme.

Breidablik: Baldr’s Pristine Hall

Breidablik is the heavenly hall of Baldr, the god of light, joy, purity, and beauty. It is located in the realm of Asgard, known for its divine inhabitants and their majestic dwellings.

Overview of Breidablik’s Role in Norse Cosmology

In Norse cosmology, Breidablik is described as one of the most beautiful places that exist, as no falsehood or evil can exist within its boundaries. This reflects the Norse belief in sacred places that are inviolable and pure. Breidablik is often associated with peace and harmony, qualities that were deeply valued in the Norse ethos.

This hall’s role extends beyond being a residence for Baldr. It represents an ideal state of being, a symbol of purity, beauty, and tranquility in the Norse universe. Its significance lies in its association with these virtues, reminding us of the Norse people’s admiration for harmony, truth, and the absence of strife.

Baldr’s Association with Breidablik

Baldr, as the deity of light and purity, is intrinsically tied to Breidablik. His association with this hall highlights his status as a god of peace and righteousness. The hall, in all its beauty and purity, personifies Baldr’s qualities and virtues.

Furthermore, the inviolable nature of Breidablik mirrors Baldr’s own invulnerability (with the notable exception of mistletoe, according to Norse myth). This association is a direct reflection of the interconnectedness between the Norse deities and their halls, with each hall not just serving as a dwelling place, but also as a symbol of the god’s identity and attributes. Therefore, understanding Baldr’s association with Breidablik provides deeper insights into his character and the values he represents in Norse mythology.

Eljudnir: Hel’s Somber Hall

Eljudnir is the hall of Hel, the goddess of the underworld and the daughter of Loki. Located in Helheim, the realm of the dead, Eljudnir is a reflection of its mistress’s dominion over death and the deceased.

Exploring the Significance of Eljudnir

Eljudnir, translating roughly to “Sprayed with Snowstorms,” is as cold and forbidding as the name suggests. It stands apart from the other halls of the gods, reflecting its role as the abode for those who have died of illness or old age, as opposed to dying in battle.

In Norse mythology, Eljudnir is not just a hall; it is a symbol of death and the afterlife. Its stark and somber qualities underscore the Norse perception of non-heroic death, viewed with less glory than dying in battle. The portrayal of Eljudnir in the ancient sagas and poems also highlights the Norse understanding of mortality, the inevitability of death, and the concept of an afterlife.

The Connection between Hel and Eljudnir

Hel’s association with Eljudnir is an embodiment of her role as the ruler of the realm of the dead. As the goddess of death, she presides over this gloomy hall, granting her dominion over those who did not die a warrior’s death.

Hel herself is often portrayed as a stern and harsh figure, inspiring both awe and dread. Her hall, Eljudnir, is a reflection of these attributes, amplifying her formidable nature and her control over death and the afterlife. Understanding the connection between Hel and Eljudnir provides crucial insights into the less-celebrated, but equally important, aspects of Norse cosmology: the acknowledgment of mortality and the reverence towards the inevitable cycle of life and death.


In Norse mythology, the various halls serve as more than mere dwellings for the gods. Each hall, in its own right, is a unique representation of its resident deity’s identity, powers, and realms of influence. From Valhalla, the warrior’s paradise, to Eljudnir, the somber abode of the deceased, these halls are deeply interwoven with the complex tapestry of Norse cosmological belief and culture.

The study of these halls provides a detailed insight into the worldviews, values, and ideals held by the ancient Norse people. They serve as touchstones for understanding the societal norms of the time, particularly the high regard for bravery and honor, but also for notions of harmony, purity, and the acceptance of mortality.

Ultimately, the halls in Norse cosmology underscore the rich narrative depth and complexity inherent in this ancient belief system. They mirror the multidimensional nature of life, death, and the divine, making Norse mythology a rich field of study for anyone interested in understanding the human propensity for creating meaningful narratives to explain the mysteries of existence.