What Did Viking Women Look Like?

Viking Women

When we think of Vikings, we often imagine fierce warriors, raiders, and explorers with long beards, horned helmets, and ferocious expressions. But what did Viking women really look like? Were they as intimidating as their male counterparts? Did they have similar facial features? In this article, we delve deep into the available historical evidence and modern research to paint a picture of what Viking women really looked like, their lives, and the roles they played in their societies.

The Physical Appearance of Viking Women

1. Height

So, how tall were Viking women? Historical evidence, such as skeletal remains and written records, suggests that the average Viking woman stood between 5’2″ (157 cm) and 5’6″ (168 cm) tall. This height is comparable to the average height of women from other parts of Europe during the same period.

2. Weight 

It is difficult to determine the exact weight of Viking women as there are limited historical records and depictions of their physical appearance. Nevertheless, it is believed that the average height of Viking women was around 5 feet tall, suggesting that they were likely smaller in stature and potentially lighter in weight compared to modern-day women. Additionally, it is important to note that weight was not as significant of a factor in ancient societies as it is in modern times. The importance of physical appearance and body weight was not emphasized, and women were valued for their skills and abilities rather than physical attributes.

3. Facial Features

What were the facial features of Viking women? Although there isn’t a one-size-fits-all answer, Viking women generally exhibited a range of facial features common among Northern European populations. These features included light-colored eyes (blue, gray, or green), fair skin, and typically blonde or light brown hair. They often had high cheekbones, a strong jawline, and a well-defined nose. Even though it’s difficult to generalize the appearance of an entire group, these are some of the most commonly observed facial features among Viking women.

What Was the Average Size of a Viking Woman?

The average size of a Viking woman can be understood in terms of height and build, considering the historical context and genetic makeup of the Viking population. In general, Viking women were of moderate stature, with heights ranging from 5’2″ (157 cm) to 5’6″ (168 cm), based on the analysis of skeletal remains and written records from the Viking Age. This height range was relatively consistent with that of women in other parts of Europe during the same time.

Viking women’s build can be described as strong and sturdy, with a somewhat muscular frame well-suited to their daily lives demands. As farmers, traders, and craftspeople, Viking women often performed physically demanding tasks, such as tilling the land, herding animals, or working with textiles. Moreover, while Viking women did not typically engage in warfare, there is evidence that some women, known as shieldmaidens, were trained as warriors and fought alongside men. The physically demanding nature of their daily activities contributed to developing a healthy, robust physique in Viking women.

It is essential to acknowledge the considerable diversity within the Viking population, resulting from interactions and intermingling with various groups during their expansion across Europe and beyond. Consequently, the average size of Viking women may have varied depending on geographical location, social status, and personal genetics. Nevertheless, the moderate height and sturdy build of Viking women were generally well-adapted to their lifestyle and the environmental conditions of their time.

What Color Eyes Did Vikings Have?

Vikings, originating from Scandinavia, were part of the broader Northern European population, which had a range of eye colors resulting from their genetic makeup. The most common eye colors among the Vikings were light shades, including blue, gray, and green, although instances of brown eyes were not entirely unheard of. This prevalence of light-colored eyes in Vikings can be attributed to genetic factors and the influence of the region’s climate on human evolution.

It is important to note that the Vikings were a diverse group of people, consisting of those from Scandinavian regions and individuals from various settlements they encountered and conquered during their expansion. This interaction and intermingling with other cultures led to a mix of physical features, including a variety of eye colors. However, light-colored eyes still dominated, as they were a prevalent feature among the Northern European populations.

The light-colored eyes often associated with Vikings can be traced back to the genetic mutation in the OCA2 and HERC2 genes, which influence melanin production. Melanin is the pigment responsible for determining eye, hair, and skin color. Reduced melanin production leads to lighter eye colors such as blue, green, or gray. It is hypothesized that the predominance of light-colored eyes in the Northern European regions, including Scandinavia, may have been an evolutionary adaptation to the lower light levels and cooler climates, as lighter eye colors are believed to be more sensitive to the low light conditions, thus offering a possible advantage.

Did Vikings Have Beautiful Women?

Beauty is a highly subjective and culturally influenced concept, and what is considered attractive varies widely across time and place. To understand whether Vikings had beautiful women, we must first examine the standards of beauty and attraction during the Viking Age and consider how they might align with modern perceptions of beauty.

Beauty Standards in the Viking Age

  • Physical Traits

In Viking society, certain physical traits were considered attractive in both men and women. These features included light-colored eyes, fair skin, and blonde or light brown hair. A strong, healthy, and fit physique was also highly valued, as it was an indicator of good health, strength, and fertility. Yet, it is essential to recognize that these features do not universally define beauty, as standards of attractiveness vary greatly between cultures.

  • Personal Grooming and Hygiene

Contrary to popular belief, Vikings were very particular about their grooming and hygiene. Archaeological evidence has revealed that they used a range of grooming tools, such as combs, tweezers, and ear spoons. Regular bathing was also an essential part of their routine. These practices, along with well-maintained hair and nails, were considered attractive features in both men and women.

The Role of Beauty in Viking Society

Beauty played a significant role in Viking society, with physical appearance reflecting an individual’s social status, wealth, and even marriage prospects. High-ranking Viking women adorned themselves with elaborate hairstyles, ornate brooches, and colorful clothing, emphasizing their beauty and status. Beauty could be essential in securing a good marriage, which was crucial for social stability and the continuation of family lines.

Comparing Viking Beauty to Modern Standards

We find similarities and differences when comparing the beauty standards of Viking women to those of today. Many physical traits considered attractive in Viking society, such as fair skin, light-colored eyes, and well-groomed hair, are still deemed desirable in many modern Western cultures. Still, other features, such as a strong and athletic physique, may not be universally regarded as beautiful in today’s society.

Viking Women’s Health and Nutrition

A comprehensive understanding of Viking women’s health and nutrition requires exploring the dietary practices, food sources, and lifestyle factors that shaped their overall well-being during the Viking Age. As with any society, the health and nutrition of Viking women played a significant role in determining their physical appearance, energy levels, and ability to perform various tasks essential for their survival and contribution to the community.

The Viking diet was primarily based on locally available food resources, influenced by the region’s geography and climate. As a result, Viking women consumed a balanced diet that included a variety of foods from different sources, such as agriculture, fishing, hunting, and livestock. Their diet was rich in proteins, healthy fats, and complex carbohydrates. Key dietary staples included fish, meat, dairy products, cereals, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. Fish, especially herring and cod, provided essential fatty acids and other nutrients, while meat from livestock and game offered additional protein and iron. Dairy products, such as cheese, butter, and fermented milk, were valuable sources of calcium and protein, while cereals like barley, rye, and oats contributed complex carbohydrates and fiber. Fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds added essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants to their diet.

The relatively high intake of protein, healthy fats, and complex carbohydrates provided Viking women with the necessary energy and nutrients to sustain their daily activities, including farming, textile work, and household management. Physical activity was integral to their daily lives, contributing to their overall health and well-being. It is worth noting that although the Viking diet was generally nutritious, there may have been regional variations in the availability and consumption of specific food items. Seasonal fluctuations in food supplies could also impact the health and nutrition of Viking women.

In addition to their diet and physical activity, Viking women’s health was influenced by various cultural practices and beliefs. For example, they had access to traditional herbal remedies and healing techniques, which could alleviate certain illnesses and improve their overall health. Moreover, personal hygiene was considered important, and archaeological evidence suggests that the Vikings used various grooming tools to maintain cleanliness and prevent diseases.

The Viking Woman’s Wardrobe

Viking women’s clothing reflected their social status, daily life’s practicalities, and their climate. They typically wore long, woolen dresses belted at the waist, with linen underdress beneath. Women of higher social status would adorn their outfits with colorful embroidery, fur trimmings, and ornate brooches. While we do not have detailed descriptions of what Viking women wore, archaeological finds have provided insights into their clothing and personal accessories, revealing a rich textile culture with influences from both the East and West.

Viking Women’s Roles in Society

To understand what Viking women were like, we must examine their roles in their communities. Contrary to popular belief, Viking women were not just passive wives and mothers. They were also traders, farmers, artisans, and, in some cases, warriors. Their responsibilities extended beyond the home, as they played vital roles in sustaining their communities.

Warrior Women

If you ever wonder, “What did Viking warrior women look like?” you are in the right place. While it is true that most Viking warriors were men, there is increasing evidence suggesting that some women also fought alongside their male counterparts. These women were known as shieldmaidens or skjaldmær in Old Norse. They would have worn similar attire to male warriors, including protective armor, helmets, and weaponry.

In 2017, a DNA analysis of a Viking warrior’s grave in Birka, Sweden, revealed that the remains belonged to a woman. This finding supports the idea that some Viking women were indeed warriors, although their numbers were likely limited. Warrior women probably had similar physical features to other Viking women but may have been more muscular and athletic due to their warrior training and lifestyle.

The Importance of Family Life and Marriage

Marriage and family life were highly valued in Viking society. Viking women were responsible for the household and childcare while contributing to the family’s income through farming, trading, and crafting. While they were typically considered subordinate to their husbands, Viking women enjoyed a relatively high degree of independence and freedom within their households. They could own property, initiate divorce, and be active in both religious and legal matters.

The Intersection of Beauty and Status

Like in many cultures, personal appearance was a significant aspect of Viking society, reflecting an individual’s status and wealth. What Viking women looked like in terms of their clothing and adornments was often a reflection of their social standing.

1. Hairstyles

Viking women’s hairstyles varied according to status, age, and region. Some common hairstyles included long, loose hair, braided or twisted styles, and even elaborate updos adorned with beads and ribbons. High-ranking women might wear a hangerok, a type of overdress suspended from a pair of ornate oval brooches showcasing their wealth and status.

2. Jewelry and Accessories

Jewelry was another important aspect of Viking women’s appearance. They wore brooches, necklaces, bracelets, and rings made from bronze, silver, and gold. Amber and glass beads were also popular, as were pendants shaped like hammers (symbolizing Thor) or axes. The materials and intricacy of these accessories were indicators of a woman’s social standing.

Viking Women in Mythology and Literature

The image of Viking women in mythology and literature often differed from the reality of their lives. These portrayals depicted women as powerful, mystical, and even fearsome figures who could influence fate, foresee the future, and wield considerable power.

1. Valkyries

One such mythological figure is the Valkyrie, a supernatural being who chose which warriors would live or die in battle. These fierce, warrior-like women rode horses, wore armor, and wielded weapons, reflecting their role as divine agents of war.

2. Seeresses

In Old Norse literature, there are accounts of völvas or seeresses who possessed prophetic and magical powers. These wise women were respected for their abilities, which included the gift of prophecy and the practice of a form of Norse magic known as seiðr.

The Genetic Legacy of Viking Women

The genetic legacy of Viking women is an essential aspect of understanding their impact on history and their influence on the modern populations of Northern Europe and beyond. As the Vikings expanded their territories, they intermingled with various cultures and people, leading to a rich genetic heritage that is still evident today in the DNA of many individuals with Scandinavian ancestry. This genetic legacy reflects the physical traits of Viking women and provides insight into their migration patterns, relationships with other communities, and roles in Viking society.

One of Viking women’s most visible genetic legacies is the prevalence of specific physical traits in modern populations with Scandinavian roots. These traits include fair skin, light-colored eyes, and blonde or light brown hair, which are associated with the genetic makeup of the Northern European populations. The Viking women’s robust build and moderate stature have also influenced the physical appearance of contemporary Scandinavian individuals.

Beyond physical traits, the genetic legacy of Viking women can help trace the migration patterns of the Vikings as they expanded across Europe, the British Isles, and even as far as North America. The intermingling of Viking women with various local populations resulted in a diverse genetic heritage that has left a lasting impact on the people of these regions. For example, studies have shown that a significant percentage of modern British, Irish, and Icelandic populations carry Viking DNA, indicating the widespread integration of Viking women into these societies.

Furthermore, the genetic legacy of Viking women can provide insight into their roles within the Viking society, including their trade, exploration, and diplomacy involvement. Evidence suggests that Viking women often accompanied their husbands or other male family members on long voyages, contributing to the establishment of new settlements and the exchange of ideas, goods, and people between diverse communities.

In conclusion, the genetic legacy of Viking women is a testament to their historical influence, interaction with various populations, and contributions to the Viking society. This genetic heritage is evident in the physical traits, migration patterns, and cultural exchanges that continue to shape the identities of modern populations with Viking ancestry. The enduring legacy of Viking women highlights the importance of acknowledging and appreciating their diverse roles in history and their ongoing influence on the world today.


While Viking women shared some common physical traits and cultural practices, it is crucial to recognize the diversity that existed within the Viking world. The appearance of Viking women was influenced by their status, regional traditions, and roles in their communities.

By examining historical evidence, modern research, and mythology, we can create a more accurate and nuanced understanding of what Viking women looked like, their lives, and the importance they held in their societies. Far from being passive figures, Viking women were active participants in their communities, contributing to their families, the economy, and even warfare. Their appearances were as diverse and multifaceted as their roles in Viking society.